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SYMBOLS
 

Wikipedia: LGBTQ Pride Symbols

Stonewall Society: Gay Symbols

Wikipedia: Gay Pride

Info: LGBTQ History

Symbols of the LGBTQ Movements

Info: Pride Parades and Festivals

Wikipedia: History of Homosexuality

Rainbow Dept: LGBTQ Pride Symbols

 

Pride Symbols and Icons
 

Gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, and queer groups over the years have used a variety of symbols to demonstrate solidarity and unity for a common cause and to graphically represent their shared vision. LGBTQ advocates and activists have adopted various emblems, logos, insignia, flags, and colors, to express their sense of pride.

 

RAINBOW FLAG
The rainbow flag has become the most popular and most easily-recognizable symbol of the LGBTQ community.  The six consecutive colors of the rainbow are the colors of pride for the LGBTQ community and can be seen emblazoned on flags, signs, buttons, banners, and a range of objects. The multicultural symbolism of the rainbow is nothing new. Jesse Jackson's Rainbow Coalition also embraces the rainbow as a symbol of that political movement. The rainbow also plays a part in many myths and stories related to gender and sexuality issues in Greek, Native American, African, and other cultures. Use of the rainbow flag by the LGBTQ community began in 1978 when it first appeared in the San Francisco Gay and Lesbian Freedom Day Parade.

 

INVERTED TRIANGLES
The pink triangle is easily one of the oldest symbols for the LGBTQ community. Very popular and widely-recognized, the pink triangle is rooted in World War II times, and reminds us of the tragedies of that era. Although homosexuals were only one of the many groups targeted for extermination by the Nazi regime, it is unfortunately the group that history often excludes. Each prisoner in the concentration camps wore a colored inverted triangle to designate their reason for incarceration, and hence the designation also served to form a sort of social hierarchy among the prisoners. A green triangle marked its wearer as a regular criminal; a red triangle denoted a political prisoner. Two yellow triangles overlapping to form a Star of David designated a Jewish prisoner. The pink triangle was for homosexuals.

In the 1970s, gay liberation groups resurrected the pink triangle as a popular symbol for the gay rights movement. Not only is the symbol easily recognized, but it draws attention to oppression and persecution -- then and now. In the 1980s, ACT-UP (AIDS Coalition To Unleash Power) began using the pink triangle for their cause. Today, for many the pink triangle represents pride, solidarity, and a promise to never allow another Holocaust to happen again. As the pink triangle is historically a male symbol, the black triangle has similarly been reclaimed by lesbians and feminists as a symbol of pride and solidarity.

 

LAMBDA
Lambda is the Greek lower-case letter "L." It was first chosen as an LGBTQ symbol when it was adopted in 1970 by the New York Gay Activists Alliance. It became the symbol of their growing movement of gay liberation. In 1974, the lambda was subsequently adopted by the International Gay Rights Congress held in Edinburgh, Scotland. As their symbol for lesbian and gay rights, the lambda became internationally popular. No one seems to have a definitive answer why the lambda was originally chosen as a gay symbol.

Some suggest that lambda, as the letter "L," stands for liberation (as in gay liberation movement). Others cite the use of lambda in physics to denote energy (the energy we have when we work in concert) or wavelength. The ancient Greek Spartans regarded the lambda to mean unity, while the Romans considered it "the light of knowledge shed into the darkness of ignorance." Reportedly, Ancient Greeks placed the lambda on shields of Spartan warriors, who were often paired off with younger men in battle. There was a theory that warriors would fight more fiercely knowing that their lovers were both watching and fighting alongside them.

 

GENDER SYMBOLS
Biological gender symbols are common astrological signs handed down from ancient Roman times. The pointed Mars symbol represents the male and the Venus symbol with the cross represents the female. Double interlocking male symbols have been used by gay men since the 1970s. Double interlocking female symbols have often been used to denote lesbianism, but some feminists have instead used the double female symbols to represent the sisterhood of women. These same feminists would use three interlocking female symbols to denote lesbianism.

 

LABRYS
The labrys is a double edged hatchet or axe which was commonly used by matriarchal societies as both a weapon and a harvesting tool. Today, the labrys is a lesbian and feminist symbol of strength and self-sufficiency. Lesbians continue to use it as a common symbol of pride. The labrys also played a part in ancient Mythology. Demeter, the goddess of the earth, used a labrys as her scepter and religious ceremonies in her honor (as well as in honor of Hecate, the goddess of the underworld) are believed to included lesbian sex.

 

EQUAL SIGNS
The Human Rights Campaign (HRC) is one of the most prominent national LGBTQ rights organizations. Its logo consists of a blue square with a yellow equal sign. Many LGBTQ activist or interest groups incorporate an equal sign in their logo. The red and pink Marriage Equality (same-sex marriage) symbol is another good example.

 

BISEXUAL
The rectangular flag consists of a broad magenta stripe at the top (representing same-gender attraction), a broad stripe in blue at the bottom (representing opposite-gender attraction), and a narrower deep lavender band occupying the central fifth (which represents attraction towards both genders).

The blue and pink overlapping triangle symbol represents bisexuality and bi pride. The exact origin of this symbol, sometimes facetiously referred to as the "biangles", remains ambiguous. It is thought that the pink triangle represents homosexuality, as it does when it stands alone, while the blue stands for heterosexuality. The two together form the color lavender, a blend of both sexual orientations and a color that has been associated with homosexuality for almost a century. It's possible that the pink may represent attraction to females, the blue attraction to males, and lavender attraction to both. The bisexual moon symbol was created to avoid the use of the Nazi-originated pink triangle.

 

 

TRANSGENDER
Popular symbols used to identify transgender, transsexual, intersex, and other gender variant (or gender queer) people frequently consist of modified gender symbols combining elements from both the male and female symbols. More specifically, the symbol depicts a circle with an arrow (as per the male symbol), a cross (as per the female symbol), and an additional striked arrow (combining the female cross and male arrow).

 

ASEXUALITY
The flag that symbolizes the asexual community uses the colors black, grey, white and purple. The black stripe represents asexuality. The grey stripe represents the grey-area between sexuality and asexuality. The white stripe represents sexuality. The purple stripe represents community.

 

PANSEXUALITY
The pansexual flag is striped with the rose, blue, and gold, representing the female gender, male gender, and third-gender, respectively. The third-gender includes those who are intersex, genderqueer, transsexual, androgynous, and other who identify as being both genders.

 

GENDERQUEER
The genderqueer umbrella term, referring to gender non-conforming or gender variant people, is represented by a flag with the colors purple (lavender), white, and green (chartreuse).


 

AGENDER
Agender people are represented by a flag with black, grey, white, and green colors. The black and white stripes represent the complete absence of gender. The green stripe represents nonbinary gender.

 

INTERSEX

Flags representing the intersex community might use the circle symbol or the Mercury symbol. The purple circle (meaning wholeness and simplicity) on the yellow field is example of a popular intersex flag, which originated from an Australian intersex organization. Some intersex people have adopted the colors of the transgender flag.

 

The Mercury symbol is from Greek mythology, in which Aphrodite (Venus) had a child with Mercury (Hermes). The child was named Hermaphroditus and possessed both male and female genitalia. Thus the origin of the word hermaphrodite. Since Hermaphroditus didn't have a specific symbol, the symbol for Mercury was borrowed in this instance to represent an intersex person. Mercury's symbol has a cross extending down to represent femininity and a crescent moon at the top to represent masculinity. The two are placed at opposite ends of the circle to strike a balance between the male and female parts. 

 

 

BEAR CULTURE
The Bear community, with its hypermasculine image and rustic physical type, uses earthy, natural colors along with a bear claw for its symbol of brotherhood.

 

BDSM COMMUNITY
Symbols used in the BDSM community and fetish subculture include the Triskelion icon and the Leather Pride flag. Colors used in the symbols of the BDSM and Leather communities are black and blue.
 

 

POLYAMORY COMMUNITY
Symbols used in the Polyamory community include the pi symbol and the eternity symbol. Colors used in the Polyamory flag are blue, red, and black.

 

SAFE ZONE
While many safe zone programs on various college and high school campuses have individually unique logos to represent their particular program, the circle design has come to represent the universal safe zone symbol. The green circle (sometimes a symbol for LGBTQ allies) represents safety or protection. The inverted pink triangle represents the LGBTQ community. Together they depict protection for LGBTQ people. Sometimes stop signs are a part of many safe zone placards (suggesting "stop hate" or "stop bullying").

 

 

STRAIGHT ALLY
The black and white stripes in the background (field) represent straight (heterosexual) people. A large rainbow colored "A" (for Ally) is added in the foreground to indicate straight support for LGBTQ people, issues, and concerns.

 

 

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