Very Well: What Are Sexual Minorities?
Who Are These
an acronym that stands for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual,
Transgender, and Queer.
LGBTQ is an umbrella term that describes a group of
people defined by their sexual orientation, gender
identity, and gender expression. The LGBTQ acronym has
sometimes been expanded to also include: Q
(Questioning), A (Asexual), A (Ally), I (Intersex), P
(Pansexual), and so on. In a broad group of people who
might identify themselves as a members of a sexual
minority (outside the mainstream), other descriptors
certainly could be added to the list.
The act of politically grouping all non-heterosexual and
non-cisgender people into the acronym LGBTQ is an act of
exclusion. The LGBTQ acronym has expanded to LGBTQIA and
more, in an attempt to be as representative as possible.
But as the language used to describe these identities
continues to grow, so does the need for more appropriate
the acronym could easily be expressed as a whopping 14
letters long: LGGBBTTQQIAAPP. This lengthy acronym
stands for lesbian, gay, genderqueer, bisexual, bigender,
transgender, trans, queer, questioning, intersex,
asexual, agender, pansexual and polyamorous. Some
versions include "2S" for two-spirit.
Not surprising, you will sometimes see the acronym
expressed with a plus sign as in: LGBTQ+.
suggest using shorter, more general acronyms, like GSM,
which stands for gender and sexual minorities. GSM
serves as a much better acronymic blanket statement than
LGBTQ, because it does not specify any gender or sexual
identity whatsoever. In its ambiguity, GSM is not only
more accurate, but itís flexible. The name does not need
to be updated at the rapid pace of language
GSD (Gender and Sexual Diversities) has been suggested
as a more inclusive term. This designator would include
people who might be asexual, members of the BDSM/kink
community, and people who were in non-traditional
relationships that might be polyamorous or swingers.
point, GSRM (Gender, Sexuality, and Romantic Minorities)
was also proposed.
Some also recommended MOGA (Marginalized Orientation and
Gender Alignments) and MOGII (Marginalized Orientations,
Gender Identity, and Intersex). Looking
for a good all-around inclusive umbrella term, SOGI
(Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity) was also
suggested in some circles.
Video: LGBTQ Facts to Celebrate
Kinsey Institute: Who Are These LGBTQ Americans?
Info: Profile of LGBTQ Community
Video: The ABCs of LGBTQ
List:Famous LGBTQ People
Wikipedia: LGBTQ Community
Very Well: What Are Sexual Minorities?
LGBTQ - Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender,
- Gender and Sexual Minorities
- Gender and Sexual Diversities
- Gender, Sexuality, and Romantic Minorities
- Marginalized Orientation and
- Marginalized Orientations,
Gender Identity, and Intersex
- Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity
For purposes of sociological categorization, homosexual,
transgender, and queer people are considered to be
members of a sexual minority. The term sexual
minority refers to any identity, orientation,
lifestyle, or practice that doesnít comply with the
mainstream heterosexual or cisgender concept of normal
sexual or gender behavior.
sexual minority can be used as an umbrella term
to encompass any group or individual who identifies as
gay, lesbian, bisexual, pansexual, polysexual, asexual,
transgender, transsexual, genderqueer,
gender-nonconforming, gender variant, agender, intersex,
polyamorous, kinky, or otherwise queer.
of a sexual minority, LGBTQ people are often subject to
the rules and attitudes of the majority heterosexual or
straight community. There is a potential in a
heterocentric environment (or ideology) to breed
heterosexism (or a heterosexist system) that results in
heterosexual privilege and homophobia. As with any
minority group, there is risk of oppression from members
of the majority group.
term sexual minority in certain conversations
helps to focus on the potential for oppression,
prejudice, and discrimination by the majority group. A
civilized society recognizes that minority voices must
be heard and that members of the minority community must
people object to using the term sexual minority
and prefer the term LGBTQ. Reasons for these objections
may vary. For example, some LGBTQ people feel that the
term sexual minority reminds them about
discrimination and about being a minority. They want to
be not a distinct minority but an integral and
respectable part of the society. Some other LGBTQ people
dislike the term for being too inclusive, including
swingers, polyamorists, BDSM people and other perceived
"sexual strangers". These LGBTQ people want to make a
larger distance between these sexual practices and
sexual orientation/gender identity.
Some transgender and transsexual people dislike the term
sexual minority for yet another reason. They
argue that the phenomenon of transsexuality or
transgender has nothing to do with sex, sexual practices
or sexual orientation, but it relates to the gender,
gender dysphoria and gender-variant behavior or
feelings. Thus, they feel it is incorrect to classify
them as "sexual minority", when, in fact, they are
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